HSK 1 Vocabulary List and Free Quiz Sheets

Contents: This page includes some essential info about the HSK 1 and provides a downloadable Excel sheet with the complete HSK 1 vocabulary. It also includes 3 quiz sheets at the bottom to help you practice.

  1. HSK 1 Introduction
  2. How Long to Study for the HSK 1 Test?
  3. HSK 1 Vocabulary List
  4. Downloadable HSK 1 Vocab List + Quiz Sheets

1. Intro to the HSK 1 Test

The HSK 1 is the first level of the Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi, or Chinese Proficiency Test. As such, it includes just 150 basic Chinese words and is a solid base and preparation for further Mandarin studies.

This level of the Chinese Proficiency Test does not include a writing part. In other words, you’ll only have to do reading and listening on the test. Like all HSK exams, each section has 100 points. Therefore, the HSK 1 exam there will be 200 points available, and you need to score 120 to pass.

As the first of six tests, the HSK 1 is relatively simple, and passing it corresponds to less than elementary proficiency as per the CEFR. However, it is still a great way to build momentum in your Chinese learning and direct your study towards a tangible goal.

To find out which apps you can use to speed up your Mandarin learning, check out this blog post.

2. How Long to Study for the Test?

Since the HSK 1 list has just 150 words without a writing element to the test, it shouldn’t take you more than a couple of weeks to learn. For reference, the estimated study time is 100 to 150 hours.

Note that many of the words are quite simple and frequently used in Chinese writing (e.g. 个, 不), which tends to help memorization. Also, you’ll find many words using the same characters, for example 今天 and 明天.

3. HSK 1 Vocabulary Full List

Below is the complete HSK 1 Vocabulary List. (For higher HSK levels, we publish the complete list and a “new words” lists with just the new vocabulary for that level.)

Because 42 to 45 are particles which are difficult to translate, you should try to understand how they are used in-context within different grammar structures.

 

A B C
1 Chinese Pinyin English
2 I, me
3 我们 wǒmen we, us
4 you
5 你们 nǐmen you (pl.)
6 he, him
7 she, her
8 他们 tāmen they
9 她们 tāmen they (females, pl.)
10 这 (这儿) zhè (zhèr) here, this
11 那 (那儿) nà (nàr) there, that
12 哪(哪儿) nǎ (nǎr) where
13 shuí who
14 什么 shén me what, why
15 多少 duōshǎo how many, how much
16 a few, how many
17 怎么 zěnme how
18 怎么样 zěnmeyàng how about
19 one
20 èr two
21 sān three
22 four
23 five
24 liù six
25 seven
26 eight
27 jiǔ nine
28 shí ten
29 líng zero
30 a, an
31 suì year
32 běn volume
33 xiē some
34 kuài piece
35 no
36 méi no
37 hěn quite, very
38 tài too
39 dōu all
40 and
41 zài in, at
42 de
43 le
44 ma
45 ne
46 wèi hello
47 jiā home
48 学校 xuéxiào school
49 饭店 fàndiàn restaurant
50 商店 shāngdiàn store
51 医院 yīyuàn hospital
52 火车站 huǒchēzhàn train station
53 中国 zhōng guó China
54 北京 běijīng Beijing
55 shàng up
56 xià down
57 前面 qiánmiàn front
58 后面 hòumiàn behind
59 lǐmiàn inside
60 今天 jīntiān today
61 明天 míngtiān tomorrow
62 昨天 zuótiān yesterday
63 上午 shàngwǔ morning
64 中午 zhōngwǔ noon
65 下午 xiàwǔ afternoon
66 nián year
67 yuè month
68 day
69 星期 xīngqī week
70 diǎn dot, spot
71 分钟 fēnzhōng minute
72 现在 xiànzài now
73 时候 shíhou time
74 爸爸 bàba father
75 妈妈 māma mother
76 儿子 érzi son
77 女儿 nǚér daughter
78 老师 lǎoshī teacher
79 学生 xuéshēng student
80 同学 tóngxué classmate
81 朋友 péngyou friend
82 医生 yīshēng doctor
83 先生 xiānsheng sir
84 小姐 xiǎojiě Miss
85 衣服 yīfu cloth
86 shuǐ water
87 cài vegetable
88 米饭 mǐfàn rice
89 水果 shuǐguǒ fruit
90 苹果 píngguǒ apple
91 chá tea
92 杯子 bēizi cup
93 qián money
94 飞机 fēijī airplane
95 出租车 chūzūchē taxi
96 电视 diànshì television
97 电脑 diànnǎo computer
98 电影 diànyǐng movie
99 天气 tiānqì weather
100 māo cat
101 gǒu dog
102 东西 dōngxi thing
103 rén person
104 名字 míngzi name
105 shū book
106 汉语 hànyǔ Chinese
107 character
108 桌子 zhuōzi desk
109 椅子 yǐzi chair
110 谢谢 xièxie thank
111 不客气 búkèqì you are welcome
112 再见 zàijiàn good-bye
113 qǐng please
114 对不起 duìbùqǐ sorry
115 没关系 méiguānxì It doesn’t matter
116 shì be (am, is, are)
117 yǒu have
118 kàn look
119 tīng listen
120 说话 shuōhuà speak
121 read
122 xiě write
123 看见 kànjiàn see
124 jiào call
125 lái come
126 huí return
127 go
128 chī eat
129 drink
130 睡觉 shuìjiào sleep
131 打电话 dǎdiànhuà call up
132 zuò do
133 mǎi buy
134 kāi open
135 zuò sit
136 zhù live
137 学习 xuéxí study
138 工作 gōngzuò work
139 下雨 xiàyǔ rain
140 ài love
141 喜欢 xǐhuān love, like
142 xiǎng want
143 认识 rènshi know
144 huì can
145 néng can, be able to
146 hǎo good
147 big
148 xiǎo small
149 duō many, much
150 shǎo few, little
151 lěng cold
152 hot
153 高兴 gāoxìng happy
154 漂亮 piàoliàng beautiful

4. Downloadable Vocabulary List + Quiz Sheets

You can download the Excel file of the complete HSK 1 list and randomized-order quiz sheets below. Quiz 1 is Chinese-to-Pinyin/English, Quiz 2 is Pinyin-to-Chinese/English, and Quiz 3 is English-to-Pinyin/Chinese.


HSK 1 Vocab


HSK 1, Quiz 1


HSK 1, Quiz 2


HSK 1, Quiz 3