Contents: This page includes some essential info about the HSK 1 and provides a downloadable Excel sheet with the complete HSK 1 vocabulary. It also includes 3 quiz sheets at the bottom to help you practice. 

  1. HSK 1 Introduction
  2. How Long to Study for the HSK 1 Test?
  3. HSK 1 Vocabulary List
  4. Downloadable HSK 1 Vocab List + Quiz Sheets

1. Intro to the HSK 1 Test

The HSK 1 is the first level of the Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi, or Chinese Proficiency Test. As such, it includes just 150 basic Chinese words and is a solid base and preparation for further Mandarin studies. 

This level of the Chinese Proficiency Test does not include a writing part. In other words, you’ll only have to do reading and listening on the test. Like all HSK exams, each section has 100 points. Therefore, the HSK 1 exam there will be 200 points available, and you need to score 120 to pass. 

As the first of six tests, the HSK 1 is relatively simple, and passing it corresponds to less than elementary proficiency as per the CEFR. However, it is still a great way to build momentum in your Chinese learning and direct your study towards a tangible goal.  

To find out which apps you can use to speed up your Mandarin learning, check out this blog post.

2. How Long to Study for the Test?

Since the HSK 1 list has just 150 words without a writing element to the test, it shouldn’t take you more than a couple of weeks to learn. For reference, the estimated study time is 100 to 150 hours. 

Note that many of the words are quite simple and frequently used in Chinese writing (e.g. 个, 不), which tends to help memorization. Also, you’ll find many words using the same characters, for example 今天 and 明天. 

3. HSK 1 Vocabulary Full List

Below is the complete HSK 1 Vocabulary List. (For higher HSK levels, we publish the complete list and a “new words” lists with just the new vocabulary for that level.)

Because 42 to 45 are particles which are difficult to translate, you should try to understand how they are used in-context within different grammar structures.

ABC
1
ChinesePinyinEnglish
2
I, me
3
我们wǒmenwe, us
4
you
5
你们nǐmenyou (pl.)
6
he, him
7
she, her
8
他们tāmenthey
9
她们tāmenthey (females, pl.)
10
这 (这儿)zhè (zhèr)here, this
11
那 (那儿)nà (nàr)there, that
12
哪(哪儿)nǎ (nǎr)where
13
shuíwho
14
什么shén mewhat, why
15
多少duōshǎohow many, how much
16
a few, how many
17
怎么zěnmehow
18
怎么样zěnmeyànghow about
19
one
20
èrtwo
21
sānthree
22
four
23
five
24
liùsix
25
seven
26
eight
27
jiǔnine
28
shíten
29
língzero
30
a, an
31
suìyear
32
běnvolume
33
xiēsome
34
kuàipiece
35
no
36
méino
37
hěnquite, very
38
tàitoo
39
dōuall
40
and
41
zàiin, at
42
de
43
le
44
ma
45
ne
46
wèihello
47
jiāhome
48
学校xuéxiàoschool
49
饭店fàndiànrestaurant
50
商店shāngdiànstore
51
医院yīyuànhospital
52
火车站huǒchēzhàntrain station
53
中国zhōng guóChina
54
北京běijīngBeijing
55
shàngup
56
xiàdown
57
前面qiánmiànfront
58
后面hòumiànbehind
59
lǐmiàninside
60
今天jīntiāntoday
61
明天míngtiāntomorrow
62
昨天zuótiānyesterday
63
上午shàngwǔmorning
64
中午zhōngwǔnoon
65
下午xiàwǔafternoon
66
niányear
67
yuèmonth
68
day
69
星期xīngqīweek
70
diǎndot, spot
71
分钟fēnzhōngminute
72
现在xiànzàinow
73
时候shíhoutime
74
爸爸bàbafather
75
妈妈māmamother
76
儿子érzison
77
女儿nǚérdaughter
78
老师lǎoshīteacher
79
学生xuéshēngstudent
80
同学tóngxuéclassmate
81
朋友péngyoufriend
82
医生yīshēngdoctor
83
先生xiānshengsir
84
小姐xiǎojiěMiss
85
衣服yīfucloth
86
shuǐwater
87
càivegetable
88
米饭mǐfànrice
89
水果shuǐguǒfruit
90
苹果píngguǒapple
91
chátea
92
杯子bēizicup
93
qiánmoney
94
飞机fēijīairplane
95
出租车chūzūchētaxi
96
电视diànshìtelevision
97
电脑diànnǎocomputer
98
电影diànyǐngmovie
99
天气tiānqìweather
100
māocat
101
gǒudog
102
东西dōngxithing
103
rénperson
104
名字míngziname
105
shūbook
106
汉语hànyǔChinese
107
character
108
桌子zhuōzidesk
109
椅子yǐzichair
110
谢谢xièxiethank
111
不客气búkèqìyou are welcome
112
再见zàijiàngood-bye
113
qǐngplease
114
对不起duìbùqǐsorry
115
没关系méiguānxìIt doesn’t matter
116
shìbe (am, is, are)
117
yǒuhave
118
kànlook
119
tīnglisten
120
说话shuōhuàspeak
121
read
122
xiěwrite
123
看见kànjiànsee
124
jiàocall
125
láicome
126
huíreturn
127
go
128
chīeat
129
drink
130
睡觉shuìjiàosleep
131
打电话dǎdiànhuàcall up
132
zuòdo
133
mǎibuy
134
kāiopen
135
zuòsit
136
zhùlive
137
学习xuéxístudy
138
工作gōngzuòwork
139
下雨xiàyǔrain
140
àilove
141
喜欢xǐhuānlove, like
142
xiǎngwant
143
认识rènshiknow
144
huìcan
145
néngcan, be able to
146
hǎogood
147
big
148
xiǎosmall
149
duōmany, much
150
shǎofew, little
151
lěngcold
152
hot
153
高兴gāoxìnghappy
154
漂亮piàoliàngbeautiful

4. Downloadable Vocabulary List + Quiz Sheets

You can download the Excel file of the complete HSK 1 list and randomized-order quiz sheets below. Quiz 1 is Chinese-to-Pinyin/English, Quiz 2 is Pinyin-to-Chinese/English, and Quiz 3 is English-to-Pinyin/Chinese.